About two dozen anti-war protesters gathered on the Southern Methodist University campus the day before the groundbreaking for the George W. Bush Presidential Center.
The Dallas Morning News reported that the protesters gathered amid 175 pairs of worn Army boots representing some of the service members killed in Afghanistan and Iraq.
At one point, a woman cut down and drove off with an anti-Bush banner while the protesters were holding a news conference.
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Protesters are also planning a march and rally for Tuesday, when Bush and the former first lady will be joined by former administration officials for the groundbreaking.
The Bush Presidential Center will house the presidential library and the George W. Bush Institute. Construction is scheduled to be completed in 2013.
NBCDFW's Lindsay Wilcox contributed to this report.