North Texas

Consumer Reports: Over-the-Counter Sleep Aids

If you're struggling with insomnia, you might want to think twice before you reach for over-the-counter sleep aids. Many of the drugs are labeled "non-habit forming," but Consumer Reports reveals potential risks in taking them.

Although some ingredients are not physically addictive, there can be a risk of psychological dependency. In fact, a Consumer Reports national survey found 20 percent have taken over-the-counter sleep medication within a year. And in that group almost 1 in 5 took them daily. Most concerning – 41 percent said they took them for a year or longer.

At the time of their approval as over-the-counter sleep aids, there was not enough evidence to show that the drugs caused dependence, so the label "non-habit forming" still remains.

The Food and Drug Administration tells Consumer Reports using a sleep aid for two weeks or less at the labeled dose makes it "...very unlikely that the consumer will become dependent on it."

Over-the-counter sleep aids also carry warnings: they can cause serious side effects like next-day drowsiness, dizziness and confusion. And frequent use can increase the risk of dementia and even Alzheimer's disease. If your insomnia is persistent, it's time to see your doctor.

Complete ratings and recommendations on all kinds of products, including appliances, cars & trucks, and electronic gear, are available on Consumer Reports’ website. Subscribe to

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