As college students head off to school, they have to figure out how to set up their banking and receive their financial aid. Campus-sponsored bank accounts and prepaid cards may seem an easy and convenient choice. They often also serve as student IDs.
Higher One is the biggest player in campus banking and says it offers cards at more than 800 institutions nationwide. Consumers Union, the advocacy arm of Consumer Reports, looked at Higher One and 8 other companies that offer campus-sponsored accounts.
Consumers Union says students should be very careful about signing up for them because they can carry high and unusual fees. These can include overdraft fees as high as $38 dollars, a fee each time you use the debit card of 50 cents, out-of-network ATM charges that can run as high as $3, and even an inactivity fee if you don't use your account.
Consumers Union found that while some of the accounts it analyzed have low-cost options, students need to use the accounts carefully or risk incurring hundreds of dollars a year in usage fees.
Many students find it difficult to avoid signing up for these products. It may be the default option to manage their financial-aid money, and they're being nickel-and-dimed out of that aid.
In fact, a class-action lawsuit against Higher One alleges "aggressive and deceptive" marketing and a failure to disclose "unconscionable" fees. The lawsuit against Higher One is expected to settle this fall for 15-million dollars. There is no admission of wrongdoing, but Higher One has agreed to drop some of the worst fees. Still, Consumers Union is concerned most of the aggressive marketing tactics remain untouched and believes regulators should step in to protect students from campus banking arrangements that restrict choices and charge unfair fees.
NBC 5 reached out to Higher One, this was the company's response to the Consumer Reports findings:
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"We agree with many of the recommendations made by the ConsumerReports study on campus banking products and included almost all of them in a joint proposal presented this summer to the U.S. Department of Education. Higher One is helping to set a new standard for the industry and has already addressed, and is in the process of addressing, several recommendations identified as a part of a federal process to establish changes in the rules governing all providers. Higher One is committed to the industry establishment of clear, fact-based and neutral presentation of choices and fee disclosures, banning revenue-sharing agreements between financial institutions and colleges, and offering increased ATM access for students."
Consumers Union points out that students don't need a campus-sponsored account to get their financial aid. By federal law, you can have it directly deposited to an existing account or get cash or a check.
Complete Ratings and recommendations on all kinds of products, including appliances, cars & trucks, and electronic gear, are available on Consumer Reports' website.