States Can Pay Unemployment Benefits Past Sept. 6 Using Pandemic Funds, Labor and Treasury Officials Say

Janet Yellen
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  • States can use $350 billion of pandemic funds that Congress allocated in the American Rescue Plan to continue paying income support to unemployed workers.
  • Federal unemployment benefits are poised to lapse in early September, which will affect an estimated 11 million or more workers.
  • Twelve states plus Washington, D.C., had unemployment rates above the 5.9% national figure in June, according to the most recent data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

States can pay benefits to the unemployed past a looming Sept. 6 expiration date using pandemic funds that Congress previously allocated to state and local governments, Labor and Treasury Department officials said Thursday.

The American Rescue Plan, passed in March, extended pandemic-era unemployment benefits to Labor Day. More than 11 million jobless workers are poised to lose income support or see their aid reduced by $300 a week.

But it may make sense for jobless workers to continue getting income support past Sept. 6 in states where unemployment remains high, Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen and Labor Secretary Marty Walsh wrote in a letter to the heads of the Senate Finance and House Ways and Means Committees.

Doing so will allow workers more time to find a job, they said. Meanwhile, the Covid-19 delta variant may also pose short-term challenges to local economies and labor markets, according to the letter.

States can use leftover money in the $350 billion American Rescue Plan State and Local Fiscal Relief Fund for the effort. They don't have to meet specific economic conditions to offer the assistance, according to a Labor Department spokesperson.  

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"Now, in states where a more gradual wind down of income support for unemployed workers makes sense based on local economic conditions, American Rescue Plan funds can be activated to cover the cost of providing assistance to unemployed workers beyond Sept. 6," Yellen and Walsh wrote to Senate Finance Committee Chair Ron Wyden, D-Ore., and House Ways and Means Committee Chair Richard Neal, D-Mass.

Broadly, the U.S. economy is improving. The national unemployment rate fell to 5.4% in July from 5.9%, and payrolls increased by 943,000.

The U.S. economy has recovered to an extent that the $300 weekly boost will end nationwide as planned on Sept. 6, they said.

It would also be appropriate for other temporary unemployment programs to end in many states, they wrote. Those programs offer income support to the self-employed, gig workers, long-term unemployed and others who typically don't qualify for state benefits.

Nationally, almost 6 million lost jobs have yet to return. Retail sales fell more than expected in July amid rising Covid fears. Twelve states plus Washington, D.C., had unemployment rates above the 5.9% national figure in June, according to the most recent Bureau of Labor Statistics data.

It's unclear if states will voluntarily use any leftover funds to continue benefits. Twenty-six states opted out of federal unemployment programs early, in June and July, to try pushing jobless workers back into the labor market.

Four states — Alaska, Arizona, Florida and Ohio — only ended the extra $300 a week and kept other federal benefits intact. And state judges in Indiana, Maryland and Arkansas reversed officials' withdrawal, reinstating the benefits.

Early evidence suggests enhanced federal benefits haven't played a big role in keeping the jobless from looking for work. Some economists point out that Covid health fears and other pandemic-era factors like child care duties likely are bigger factors.

The Labor Department will also offer an additional $43 million in grants to support reemployment services, according to Yellen and Walsh.

The duo reaffirmed the need for long-term reform to the U.S. unemployment insurance system. They also said the Biden administration is asking Congress to address the issue as part of the reconciliation process Democrats plan to use to pass a $3.5 trillion spending package this year.

The pandemic exposed many shortcomings in how states administer aid to the unemployed, such as wide variation in eligibility, weekly amount and duration of benefits.

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