This is CNBC's live blog covering European markets.
European stocks rounded off a turbulent week with a negative session on Friday, despite announcements that Credit Suisse and First Republic Bank would receive financial help designed to prevent a crisis in the banking sector.
The pan-European Stoxx 600 index closed 1.26% lower provisionally, with all sectors in negative territory. Banks led losses with a 2.6% fall, followed by financial services, down 2.1%.
It comes after European banking stocks recovered over the previous session, with Credit Suisse reversing Wednesday's dramatic 24% share price dip to end the session 18.8% higher.
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However, Credit Suisse shares were back on a downward slope Friday, and ended 8% lower. The stock was down 18.9% on the week after their rollercoaster of a ride, according to Eikon data, their worst weekly performance since March 13, 2020.
"Whether depositors are sufficiently reassured to stem outflows over the next few days is a key question, in our view," said Frédérique Carrier, head of investment strategy for RBC Wealth Management, quoted by Reuters.
"While markets are relieved that the Swiss central bank stepped in, sentiment is bound to remain very fragile, particularly as investors will likely worry about the eventual economic impact of aggressive monetary policy tightening by the European Central Bank."
In the U.S. Thursday, a group of financial institutions agreed to deposit $30 billion in First Republic Bank — which saw its share price slide over recent days — in what is meant to be a sign of confidence in the banking system.
Banking stocks lead losses as jitters remain
The banking sector was down 3.2% in late afternoon trade, leading sector losses as sentiment remained fragile at the end of a tumultuous week.
— Jenni Reid
Central banks need to keep tightening despite stock rout, OECD says
Mathias Cormann discusses the organization's Interim Economic Outlook.
U.S stocks are lower as market opens
The major indexes were down as trading kicked off.
Still, all three are on pace for gains this week.
— Alex Harring
Snam CEO: Italy’s gas storage will pave the way for European energy security next winter
CEO of Italian energy giant SNAM Stefano Venier discusses the future of LNG terminals and Italy's role in helping Europe attain energy security amid the ongoing Russian war in Ukraine.
SVB bank collapse would not have happened in Europe: illimity Bank CEO
Corrado Passera, CEO of illimity Bank, said the collapse of Silicon Valley Bank would not have happened in Europe, partly because of the "pervasive controls" that have been applied in the continent.
ECB holds ad hoc meeting to discuss banking sector
The European Central Bank on Friday held a last-minute meeting to discuss recent events in the banking sector, a spokesperson said.
"The Supervisory Board is meeting to exchange views and to provide members with an update on recent developments in the banking sector," the spokesperson said via email.
The announcement comes after a turbulent week for banking stocks. It all started with the collapse of Silicon Valley Bank in the U.S. last week — this sent ripples across global markets. The situation became even more troublesome when concerns about the stability of Credit Suisse emerged. The Swiss National Bank had to step in and provide a lifeline to the bank of up to $54 billion.
— Silvia Amaro
Credit Suisse sheds another 5% after opening in positive territory
Credit Suisse shares were 2% higher Friday before dropping to trade 5% below the flatline just before 9.30 a.m. London time.
Shares of the embattled lender plummeted Wednesday after the bank's biggest lender ruled out further financial assistance. Credit Suisse then soared Thursday on news the bank would borrow up to 50 billion Swiss francs ($54 billion) from the Swiss National Bank.
Full coverage of the story can be found here.
— Hannah Ward-Glenton and Elliot Smith
This is the first banking crisis of the Twitter era, economist says
Paul Donovan, chief economist at UBS Global Wealth Management, discusses how the banking sector has changed since the global financial crisis, including the impact of social media.
Stocks on the move: GN Store Nord up 10%, Harbour Energy up 6%
Shares of GN Store Nord were up 10% in early trade on reports that activist investment firm Elliott Management bought shares in the company, according to Reuters.
Elliott Management last hit the headlines in January when the firm reportedly made a multi-billion dollar investment in Salesforce.
Shares of British oil and gas company Harbour Energy were up 6% in morning trade. The company had hit a new 52-week low Tuesday following an analyst downgrade.
— Hannah Ward-Glenton
European markets open higher
European markets opened higher Friday, after Credit Suisse and First Republic Bank received financial help designed to prevent a crisis in the banking sector.
The pan-European Stoxx 600 index opened 0.8% higher, with all sectors and major bourses trading in positive territory. Oil and gas led the rally with a 1.9% uptick, followed by mining stocks, which were up 1.4%.
— Hannah Ward-Glenton
First Republic slides in extended trading
While the move gives First Republic a significant cash pile, the bank did announce after the bell that it had borrowed tens of billions of dollars from the Federal Reserve and the Federal Home Loan Bank over the past week. Outflows of deposits have now "slowed considerably," the bank said.
First Republic also announced that it was suspending its common stock dividend.
— Jesse Pound
CNBC Pro: Short sellers are doubling down on these European banks — and Credit Suisse isn't their top target
Short-sellers are sitting on nearly $2 billion in profit from bets against the European banking sector this month so far. And, perhaps surprisingly, Credit Suisse wasn't the most profitable short.
Short-sellers profit when a stock falls. They borrow shares to immediately sell them with plans to repurchase them later when the price is lower, making a profit from the difference.
— Ganesh Rao
Former Indian central bank chief says too early to tell if bank rescue has worked
Former Reserve Bank of India Governor Raghuram Rajan thinks it's still too early to tell whether the U.S. rescue plan to stem bank contagion risks has worked.
"I think what's happened so far, in terms of the rescues, is sort of done the first aid. The question is — is there a slow bleed that is still going on," he told CNBC's "Street Signs Asia."
"My sense is that we won't know whether the Fed has been successful on this rescue mission until a few weeks have passed and we see no more problems."
Rajan, now a professor of finance at The University of Chicago Booth School of Business, noted questions remain around the collapse of Silicon Valley Bank.
"There are lots of questions to be answered here," he said. "How come a mid-size bank was oblivious of interest rate risk?"
He added regulators need to rebuild confidence in small- and medium-sized banks, and that means "signaling very clearly that the banks with problems have been taken care of and I think we're not there yet."
— Sumathi Bala
European markets: Here are the opening calls
European equity markets are expected to open higher across the board.
The U.K.'s FTSE index is expected to see a 45 point increase to 7,454.7, according to IG data, while the DAX will jump 32.5 points to 15,030.9. France's CAC is anticipated to increase 23.5 points to 7,066.1 while Italy's MIB will gain 150 points to reach 25,621.5.
— Hannah Ward-Glenton